Giving Thanks and Taking Action: Protecting Civil Liberties in the Modern Technological AgeSubmitted by Cheryl Mon Nov 25 2013 16:31:49 GMT-0500 (EST)
As we give thanks during the holiday season, we take a moment to acknowledge the benefit of living in a country that is often a world-model for protecting civil liberties. And yet it seems every week we have learned more about law enforcement surveillance of the American people. The United Church of Christ has long been known for its bold prophetic voice -- supporting racial, gender, and religious equality--which is inconsistent with profiling of people because of their race, undocumented status, or religion. The UCC also has been involved in many areas of advocacy, civic engagement, and civil disobedience, thus we have a strong interest in the just and responsible exercise of law enforcement powers.
New technology is making profiling and surveillance at the same time easier to conduct and also more difficult to detect. We described in this recent letter the unacceptable treatment of people of color and Muslims, who have been inappropriately targeted by law enforcement. The law ostensibly protecting people from this kind of surveillance has not been updated since 1986, leaving many communities vulnerable when they use new technologies, or when law enforcement avails itself of modern techniques.
New technology should not erode our civil liberties. Law enforcement searches of email, cell phones, GPS devices and online content should receive the same constitutional protection as letters and telephone calls. UCC OC Inc. and its partners in the civil rights and civil liberty communities support legislation introduced by Senators Leahy and Lee to update the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, which would bring the law up-to-date.
Please join this campaign to get 100,000 signatures by December 12 asking the White House to support updating of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, which would protect modern communications as much as traditional methods. Please sign the petition by December 12.
For an amusing Christmas take on this effort -- visit www.stopspyingonsanta.com.
9/11 Anniversary a Chance to Transcend Racial Profiling, by Wade Henderson, President & CEO, Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights
Racial Profiling, an explanation from the Justice and Witness Ministries of the United Church of Christ
Modernizing the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, American Civil Liberties Union
New More Just Prison Phone Rates Move AheadSubmitted by Cheryl Thu Nov 21 2013 22:09:00 GMT-0500 (EST)
The following statement can be attributed to Cheryl Leanza, policy advisor for the United Church of Christ's media justice and communications rights ministry, OC Inc.:
"For ten years, the prison phone industry, led by Securus and Global Tel Link, has stonewalled and delayed while families have waited for the Federal Communications Commission to end predatory prison phone rates. Now, at long last, we have rules that will bring to an end the unjustified rates.
"The FCC gave the industry innumerable chances to prove their claims that these extraordinary prices are justified. Not only did the industry refuse to participate, but it asked for even more delay. The FCC has finally heard the call of justice, and rightly refused to make families suffer any longer. As Commissioner Clyburn said, 'Justice delayed is justice denied.'"
Join us! Ideas for an Online Justice Agenda for Extravagance UCCSubmitted by Cheryl Fri Nov 15 2013 09:37:02 GMT-0500 (EST)
Last week I attended an important meeting hosted by the United Church of Christ: a meeting to envision what a UCC community could look like that existed mostly, or solely, online. I attended the meeting as a representative of the UCC's historic media justice ministry, which goes by the name of OC Inc. The leaders of Extravagance asked us to envision a community that could reach people who did not have a local UCC church, or were not comfortable or able to come to a physical building. It was a great treat to be with so many people who were both heavily invested in the church and also deeply immersed in new technology.
During the meeting we spent considerable time discussing what is church and what a church online could be. As I reflected on the meeting afterward, I was excited to see where this next chapter of ministry would lead the UCC. I also was delighted because the UCC has been such a significant leader in communications rights and media justice, and this new ministry is a chance to deepen further the modern connection to this work. As is true with most UCC churches, I hope an important part of the new work is social justice ministry. And the world of communications rights and media justice would be a logical focus. As the UCC and other churches embrace virtual community, it is important that we understand the inherent justice challenges in the new technological landscape. Just as we fight to improve the functioning of democracy even as we advocate as part of our civic institutions, we should maintain a focus on the just use of technology as we utilize it to bring full incarnation to the United Church of Christ online.
To that end, I thought it would be useful to lay out a few of the justice issues that UCC OC Inc. is working on now, to offer them for consideration as the Extravagance team considers how to move ahead.
Social media: making our members into a product? Social media is part of modern life, whereas in previous decades in the U.S. we used to socialize in bowling leagues and church social halls, we now have moved to virtual communities. According to the Pew Internet and American Life Project, as of May 2013, 72 percent of online adults use social networking sites, even those ages 65 and older have roughly tripled their presence on social networking sites in the last four years. Half of teenagers own smartphones.
But social media is a business; it is not a church-owned social hall. Social media companies have offered many services for free, but as many a wag has noted, if the product is "free" you are the product. For example, Facebook's new policies on including user images in advertising are currently under federal investigation. And this does not even begin to address the data the government might be collecting in violation of our civil liberties, and the civil liberties of perhaps some of our sister and brother faith communities, such as the Muslim community. UCC OC Inc. has been involved in seeking improved choices by the companies themselves, and also improved regulation to protect children and teens.
Social media: who decides what we see? Moreover, social media users cannot make their own ethical choices about what they see and what others see -- so we may not be able to see images of breastfeeding mothers, at the same time that violence against women is distributed widely. It was great to see the successful campaign to persuade Facebook to address violence against women more actively. Twitter just became a public company--the drive to earn revenue. In my conversations with UCC leaders, at least some online users have felt that Facebook's system of advertising feedback lead to their advertisements being pulled--not that different from when UCC's still speaking advertisements were pulled from some television stations.
As we use social media, such as public and private Facebook pages, YouTube, Pinterest and others, it is important to remain aware that we are meeting in a for-profit public space. As we use the technology--which we should--we cannot stop pushing for it to be more just in its implementation.
Fair rules of the road for unpopular or noncommercial content. Today, for the most part, when people view video streaming or other content online, their only limit is in the speed of their broadband connection. But those days are not likely continue, especially absent strong widespread public engagement. This is perhaps one of the most fundamental communications justice issues afoot, largely occurring outside of the public eye. It extends the for-profit meeting hall metaphor to a new level--in the U.S. the physical networks, the wires, that we use to connect with each other are owned by private companies.
While for much of the Internet's history regulations governed the use of these wires, it is no longer the case. For this reason, UCC OC Inc. is part of the effort to persuade the US to adopt policies mandating "net neutrality" or "open access." It is the principle that private companies that own the wires cannot use the wires as a monopoly for their own gain at the expense of other content. In the past commercial networks have removed controversial content and blocked large downloads (of the Bible no less!). Network companies are considering charging content creators to distribute content--like the potential deal between ESPN and Internet companies. But what about noncommercial content? Who can pay for church content, social justice content and other content to be distributed? Will church YouTube channels go the way of cable access while commercial content is still as powerful as NBC or ABC today? UCC OC Inc. is a leader in demonstrating open Internet is important to the faith community and others.
A good example of this is text messaging. The parameters for text message donations are set by the mobile phone companies that control them. Currently donations are capped at $10 each. These rules are not designed to undercut noncommercial or church fund-raising, but the impact is the same. And occasional mistakes show that non-profits and churches have little leverage in these relationships. In another recent change, just this week Comcast started to experiment with data caps--one industry publication estimated this might cost 40 cents per hour for Netflix movies. While this is a small sum today, the potential if this were to be a routine industry practice is of concern. Historically we have always set aside space for noncommercial speech and civic discourse--whether that was the town square or public broadcasting. The noncommercial space of tomorrow without net neutrality is fragile, which is why UCC OC Inc. helped lead the National Council of Churches Communication Commission to adopt a resolution supporting net neutrality. But we don't have a UCC synod resolution yet -- maybe it is time?
Access to communications for all. Thirty percent of people (90 million) do not have broadband access at home, for reasons of cost, access, and digital illiteracy. And people of color are much more likely than whites to access broadband via mobile devices, with all the bandwidth and other limits those devices bring--it is still very difficult to apply for a job or write a resume on a smart phone. In fact, the government program to support simple voice telephones for low-income people is under attack. And while UCC OC Inc. and a range of allies have just persuaded the Federal Communications Commission to bring down the price of a long-distance telephone call to prison, the prison industrial complex is developing ways to charge families and inmates for the use of email and video conferencing. A young LGBT person in rural America might not be able to access the many resources available without broadband; an impoverished family in the inner-city might be sending their children to McDonald's to access broadband to do their homework. UCC OC Inc. has been a leader in advocating for policies to support technology for underserved communities.
Ethical use of technology. As we have started to explore what theology might look like and mean online, we also face some practical immediate questions about how to go about using it as ethical people. An obvious point for people of faith is the importance of addressing online bullying. But other questions abound -- the UCC Insurance Boards have started to offer guidance for the appropriate ways for clergy and members to communicate online in a manner that echoes the UCC's safe church initiative. This is a rapidly evolving field where some of the most cautious advice may be hard to implement if we are to truly become an online community.
While technology can improve and augment in-person and long-distance relationships, technology can also become a crutch or a wall between us and our loved ones. There is an emerging community looking at media fasts, technology Sabbaths and other techniques to make sure technology plays a helpful and supportive role, but does not move into negative or obsessive behavior. Check out UCC OC Inc.'s media violence fast next September, and the technology Sabbath March 2014.
Children. As adults we can model appropriate use of technology for our children. An astounding 38 percent of children under two years old have used a mobile device and three quarters of children under eight have access to a mobile device at home, while the under-eight crowd's total screen time still totals almost 2 hours daily. As the technology visionary Sherry Turkle noted in Alone Together, while teens recognize that they often overindulge in technology and communications, they are anxiously looking to see whether the adults in their lives can offer positive role models. Do we stack up? Do we put away mobile phones and blackberries at dinner, when our children are talking to us? A supportive community will both use and manage media well, for example using these resources from the American Academy of Pediatrics for children's media use.
The world of communications justice is vibrant. UCC is a leader and has partners in organizations like the World Association for Christian Communications. As we move ahead on the grand experiment of Extravagance UCC, it is also time to more fully embrace our long history in justice online. We invite everyone working on Extravagance to join us! Let's start a dialogue about how we can work together.
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UCC OC Inc. Statement Upon Wheeler ConfirmationSubmitted by Cheryl Wed Oct 30 2013 12:56:12 GMT-0400 (EDT)
The United Church of Christ, OC Inc., the UCC's media justice advocacy ministry looks forward to working with Tom Wheeler as he begins his tenure as Chair of the Obama Administration's Federal Communications Commission. Mr. Wheeler was confirmed by the Senate as Chairman last night, along with Republican Commissioner Michael O'Rielly.
Mr. Wheeler brings decades of experience from all sectors of the communications industry and an expressed commitment to important public interest values such as universal service and competition. Because of his background, Mr. Wheeler possesses a unique opportunity to make strides toward including all people in the vibrant world of media and telecommunications. Our economies, and our telecommunications networks, create the most value when all people can participate as users, creators and entrepreneurs.
Acting Chairwoman Clyburn's successful term positioned Mr. Wheeler well to address many issues of importance to the civil rights and social justice communities. In particular, her initiation of the Critical Information Needs research protocol, implementing Section 257 of the Communications Act, has put the agency in a position to adequately assess the needs of the media ecosystem for the first time in more than a decade. "Ms. Clyburn's tenure demonstrated that the only barrier to advancing the civil rights agenda at the FCC is the determination and commitment of the person leading the agency," noted Cheryl Leanza, UCC OC Inc.'s policy advisor. "We are gratified she was able to end the 10-year process of evaluating predatory prison phone rates with a detailed and unassailable rulemaking this year." Earl Williams, Chair of UCC OC Inc. continued, "We praise her commitment to heed every voice from every sector impacted by the agency, reaching beyond the usual suspects in industry to the people most closely linked to the ordinary Americans whose prosperity, education, and safety depends on the nation's communications infrastructure. Mr. Wheeler will have an able hand by his side to offer counsel as he becomes more familiar with the full sweep of the agency's mandate, and will be able to draw on her inclusive vision of communications policy."
UCC OC Inc. looks forward to continuing to work with Mr. Wheeler, Ms. Clyburn, Commissioners Rosenworcel and Pai, and newly confirmed Commissioner O'Rielly as they address the many critical issues before the agency.
Chairwoman Clyburn Builds FCC Knowledge Base on Critical Information NeedsSubmitted by Cheryl Thu Oct 24 2013 15:08:49 GMT-0400 (EDT)
Today, the FCC announced publicly that it is moving ahead with its research framework designed pursuant to Section 257, the Critical Information Needs Study.
Cheryl Leanza, the policy advisor for the United Church of Christ OC Inc., praised Chairwoman Clyburn today for her leadership in moving this effort forward. "The Chairwoman has once again proven that she has her eye on the ball. Even in tight fiscal times, the Chairwoman is pinching pennies to increase the FCC's knowledge base on critical policy issues facing the agency."
The United Church of Christ, OC Inc. has been requesting the Federal Communications Commission improve its understanding of communities of color for the last 15 years, since the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its Adarand decision, which led the FCC to scale back its media diversity efforts. Its most recent efforts centered on the media ownership data released by the FCC under Chairman Genachowski at the end of last year.
"The Section 257 Critical Information Needs study is at long last the kind of comprehensive analysis the FCC has lacked. We are delighted to see Chairwoman Clyburn put the Commission on the road to understanding how the media and telecommunications ecosystem serves the critical information needs of all people in the United States."
At the same time, the Federal Communications Commission also announced a new study examining Hispanic television viewing and ownership as part of its on-going efforts to promote diversity. "I am excited to see the question of Hispanic ownership addressed in such detail," noted Leanza, "we look forward to learning more about it and working with the Commission where we can to ensure its success."